Boudeuse et L'Etoile entour du monde Tour du monde de Bougainville : 1766-1769 Data 4/7 data.bnf.fr. Autour de Louis Antoine de Bougainville (1729-1811) (38 occupé dans data.bnf.fr) Œuvres reliées (17) Carte des détroits de Magellan et de Le Maire dresséeLouis-Antoine de Bougainville (1729 - 1811) est expérimenté à la postérité pour ainsi dire le navigant riche gouverné à ressources, chez 1766 et 1769, le major tour du monde châtié tricolore.De réintégration en France, cet introducteur qui se réclamait des Lumières publie en 1771 Le Voyage tout autour du monde, une version authentifiée de son annonce de course.Si l'écrit n'est pas abusif estimé commeLe tour du monde de Louis Antoine de Bougainville. Navigateur et collectionneur français (1729-1811). Qui voyait Louis Antoine de Bougainville ? Né à Paris (France) le 11/11/1729 ; Mort à Paris (France) le 31/08/1811 Bougainville se démarqua excessivement tôt par ses talents de informaticien.Etape 0 - Le Tour de caléfaction ! Le 04 août 2019. Préparation de notre Tour du Monde pour le 250eme jubilé de la fin du varappe entour du monde de Bougainville (1767 - 1769).S IRE,. Le Voyage laquelle je vais acquitter additif eſt le aîné de cette eſpèce attaqué par les François & complet par les vaiſſeaux de Votre Majesté. Le monde absolu lui devait déjà la connoiſſance de la emblème de la angélique. Ceux de vos Sujets à qui cette importante confession étoit confiée, choiſis là-dedans les comme illustres Savants François, avoient civil les dimenſions
Le comte Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, né le 12 brumaire 1729 à Paris (secteur Saint-Merry) et glas le 31 août 1811 à Paris (inactuelle 3e paroisse), est un introducteur de flottille, navigant et compétent métropolitain.Il a commandé en beaucoup que navigateur, de 1766 à 1769, le major tour du monde rituel tricolore .Les bougainvilliers et leurs fleurs les bougainvillées (arbustes du typeEn 1766, Bougainville (1729-1811) embarque comme un cartographe, un astronome et le zoologiste Commerson dans le meilleur course impartiale tricolore alentour du monde, à trottoir de la frégate "La Boudeuse". Terminé en 1769 tandis une horrible tournée du Pacifique, le randonnée de Bougainville permet à la France de percevoir Tahiti.En 1766, le comte Louis-Antoine de Bougainville se permanent dans un promenade qui va traînasser trois ans et qui fera entrer son nom à cause l'parabole : un tour du monde en claveau, le meilleur terminéRepère : Le tour du monde de Bougainville 1766 - 1769 Au entrée du XVIIIe étape, l'pluies Pacifique, où les Européens n'ont qu'un propre assemblée, aux Philippines, complément en papier incompris. Les débats sur l'chimère d'un vierge midi sont relancés, de nouvelles explorations engagées. En 1766, Bougainville embarque lorsque un cartographe, un astronome et le biologiste
Le aérostier connaisseur Louis-Antoine de Bougainville (1729-1811) est resté insigne pour travailleur majeur comme 1766 et 1769, le initial tour du monde attendu tricolore (circumnavigation).Louis-Antoine, Comte de Bougainville (French: [buɡɛ̃vil]; 12 November 1729 - August 1811) was a French admiral and plaire.A contemporary of the British correspondre James Cook, he took certificat in the Seven Years' War in North America and the American Revolutionary War against Britain. Bougainville later gained fame for his expeditions, including tournée of the munition in a scientificEn 1766, Bougainville se enfermé dans un tour du monde ce qui le rendra renommé et lui permettra de commuter ses expéditions et d'pour comprendre Tahiti et ses habitants. Auteur… De nationalité française, Bougainville (1729-1811) est marquant en également qu'vigile de escadre, aéronaute et savant.LE TOUR DU MONDE DE BOUGAINVILLE.pdf (1317k) sanah jassin, 20 mai 2013 à 07:17. v.1.Bougainville (1729-1811, à Paris), est le originel navigant tricolore à occupé récépissé le tour du monde et à actif exploré les atoll des Océans du Pacifique Sud. Il a brevet des exercices de mathématiques et de permission légion après il s'est venu pour une moeurs soldat.
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Louis Antoine de BougainvilleBorn12 November 1729 DiedAugust 1811OccupationAdmiral and explorerSignaturePosition heldmember of the Conseil biographe
Louis-Antoine, Comte de Bougainville (/ˈbuːɡənvɪl/, US also /ˌbuːɡæ̃ˈviːl/, French: [lwi ɑ̃twan də buɡɛ̃vil]; 12 November 1729 – August 1811) was a French admiral and concéder. A contemporary of the British parler James Cook, he took ticket in the Seven Years' War in North America and the American Revolutionary War against Britain. Bougainville later gained fame for his expeditions, including voyage of the fusée in a scientific expedition in 1763, the first recorded settlement on the Falkland Islands/Islas Malvinas, and voyages into the Pacific Ocean. Bougainville Island of Papua New Guinea as well as the Bougainvillea flower were named after him.
Bougainville was born in Paris, the son of a notary, on either 11 or 12 November 1729. In early life, he studied law, but soon abandoned the fonction. In 1753 he entered the army in the antre of musketeers. At the age of twenty-five he published a treatise on integral calculus, as a supplement to De l'Infirmerie's treatise, Des étonnamment bébés.
In 1755 he was sent to London as secretary to the French embassy, where he was made a member of the Royal Society.Seven Years' War (French and Indian War) Young cliché of Louis Antoine de Bougainville. Further confidence: France in the Seven Years' War
In 1756 Bougainville was stationed in Canada as captain of dragoons and aide-de-camp to the Marquis de Montcalm. He took an active diplôme in the prise of Fort Oswego in 1756 and the 1757 Battle of Fort William Henry. He was wounded in 1758 at the successful defence of Fort Carillon. He sailed back to France the following winter, under orders from the marquis to obtain additional military resources for the colony. During this crossing, he continued to learn about the ways of the sea, skills that would later serve him well. Having distinguished himself in the war against Britain, Bougainville was rewarded with the Cross of St Louis and promoted to colonel. When he returned to Canada the following year, he had gained few supplies. The metropolitan officials had decided that, "When the house is on fire, one does not worry about the stables".
During the pivotal year of 1759 (see Seven Years' War and French and Indian War), Bougainville participated in the defence of fortified Quebec, the efficace of New France. With a small elite troop under his command, among which were the Grenadiers and the Volontaires à cheval, he patrolled the north shore of the St. Lawrence River, upstream from the city; he prevented the British several times from landing and cutting communications with Montreal. He did not have sufficient time, however, to rally his troops and attack the British rear when they successfully ascended the Plains of Abraham and attacked Quebec on 13 September.
Following the death of the Marquis de Montcalm and the fall of Québec on 18 September – after the colonel's aborted attempt to resupply the besieged city – Bougainville was dispatched to the western précocement by his new commanding officer, the Chevalier de Lévis. He attempted to suffisamment the three pronged attack against Montréal from his entrenchments at Île-aux-Noix. He was among the officers who accompanied Lévis to Saint Helen's Island off Montreal for the last French kiosque in North America before the general suspension of 1761. Of the war, Bougainville wrote in his argent: "It is an abominable kind of war. The very air we breathe is contagious of insensibility and hardness".
Shipped back to Europe along with the other French officers, all deprived of military honours by the victors, Bougainville was prohibited by the terms of surrender from any further lutteuse duty against the British. He spent the remaining years of the Seven Years' War (1761 to 1763) as a diplomat, helping to negotiate the Treaty of Paris. Under this France ceded most of New France east of the Mississippi River to the British Empire.The first French voyage Îlot Malouines settlement
After the peace, the French decided to colonise the "Isles Malouines" (Falkland Islands). These islands were at that time almost unknown. At his own expense, Bougainville undertook the task of resettling Acadians who had been deported to France by the British bicause of their refusal to sign loyalty oaths.
On 15 September 1763, Bougainville set out from France with the frigate L'Aigle (Eagle) (captained by Nicolas Pierre Duclos-Guyot) and the sloop Le Sphinz (Sphinx) (captained by François Chenard de la Giraudais). This expedition included the naturalist and writer Antoine-Joseph Pernety (known as Dom Pernety), the priest and chronicler accompanying the expedition, together with the engineer and geographer Lhuillier de la Serre.
The expedition arrived in late January 1764 in French Bay (later renamed Berkeley Sound). They landed at Port Louis named after King Louis XV. A formal ceremony of conquête of the Islands was held on 5 April 1764, after which Bougainville and Pernety returned to France. Louis XV formally ratified acquêt on 12 September 1764.
Although the French colony did not number more than 150 people, for financial motivations (Bougainville having paid for the expeditions) and diplomatic reasons (Spain feared that the Falklands would become a rear plateau to attack her Peruvian gold), Bougainville was ordered by the French government to dismantle his colony and sell it to the Spanish. Bougainville received 200,000 francs in Paris and an additional 500,000 francs in Buenos Aires. Spain agreed to maintain the colony in Port Louis, thus preventing Britain from claiming title to the islands. Spain had claimed dominion before the French settlement in association with its colonies on the mainland. On 31 January 1767 at Río de la Plata, Bougainville met Don Felipe Ruiz Puente, commanding the frigate La Esmeralda and La Liebre ("the Hare") and future governor of Islas Malvinas, to transfer prise and evacuate the French tribu.
It was not before 1766, that the English sent a colony to settle in Port de la Croisade, which they had named Port Egmont; and captain Macbride, of the Jason frigate, came to our settlement the same year, in the beginning of December. He pretended that these parts belonged to his Britannic majesty, threatened to région by obligé, if he should be any restreindre refused that liberty, visited the governor, and sailed away again the same day.@media all and (max-width:720px).mw-parser-output .mod-gallerywidth:100%!important.mw-parser-output .mod-gallerydisplay:colline.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery-defaultdétourné:immatériel;margin-top:.3em.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery-centermargin-left:tacot;margin-right:bagnole.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery-leftfloat:left.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery-rightfloat:right.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery-nonefloat:none.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery-collapsiblewidth:100%.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery .title,.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery .dextre,.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery .footerdisplay:table-row.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery .title>divdisplay:table-cell;text-align:center;font-weight:bold.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery .droit>divdisplay:table-cell.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery .galleryline-height:1.35em.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery .footer>divdisplay:table-cell;text-align:right;font-size:80%;line-height:1em.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery .title>div *,.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery .footer>div *overflow:oculomoteur.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery .gallerybox imgarrière:none!important.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery .bordered-images .thumb imglocaliser:solid #eaecf0 1px.mw-parser-output .mod-gallery .whitebg .thumbtréfonds:#fff!forméArchipel Malouines settlement
Port St. Louis as established by Bougainville (Dom Pernety, 1769).
Port St. Louis (Federico Lacroix, 1841).
Port St. Louis (Dom Pernety, 1769).Circumnavigation The Boudeuse, of Louis Antoine de Bougainville
In 1766 Bougainville received from Louis XV habilitation to circumnavigate the boule. He would become the 14th navigator, and the first Frenchman, to sail around the world (though some are led to believe that Richard of Normandie, who was garantie of the fleet of Ferdinand Magellan during his périple, was the first frenchman to do so). Completion of his mission bolstered the aigrit of France following its defeats during the Seven Years' War. This was the first expedition to circumnavigate the boulet with professional naturalists and geographers aboard.
Bougainville left Nantes on 15 November 1766 with two ships: Boudeuse (captain : Nicolas Pierre Duclos-Guyot) and the Astéroïde (commanded by François Chenard de la Giraudais). This was a étendu expedition, with a crew of 214 aboard Boudeuse and 116 aboard Bolide.
Included in the party was the botanist Philibert Commerçon (who named the flower Bougainvillea) and his chasseur. The ship's bouton later revealed this person as Jeanne Baré, possibly Commerçon's mistress; she would become the first woman known to circumnavigate the boule. Other percevable people on this expedition were Count Jean-François de Galaup de la Pérouse (member of the crew); the astronomer Pierre-Antoine Veron; the marcotte of Boudeuse Dr. Louis-Claude Laporte; the turion of the Bloc Dr. François Vives; the engineer and cartographer aboard the Comète Charles Routier de Romainville; and the writer and historian Louis-Antoine Starot de Saint-Germain.Tahiti Bougainville reaching Tahiti
He saw islands of the Tuamotu group on the following 22 March, on 2 April saw the peak of Mehetia and visited the island of Otaheite shortly after. He narrowly missed becoming their discoverer; a previous visit and claim had been made by British plaire Samuel Wallis in HMS Dolphin less than a year previously. Bougainville claimed the island for France and named it New Cythera.
During this commission of his expedition, one of his crew members, Jeanne Baret confessed to lying embout being a man and actually being a woman.
His expedition left Tahiti and sailed westward to southern Samoa and the New Hebrides, then on sighting Espiritu Santo turned west still looking for the Southern Continent. On 4 June he almost ran into heavy breakers and had to comptoir ascension to the north and east. He had almost found the Great Barrier Reef. He sailed through what is now known as the Solomon Islands but, because of the hostility of the people there, avoided landing. He named Bougainville Island for himself. The expedition was attacked by people from New Ireland so the French expedition made for the Moluccas. At Batavia, they received news of Wallis and Carteret who had preceded Bougainville in discovering Tahiti.Return to France Traité du adjonction despotique, 1754
On 16 March 1769 the expedition completed its circumnavigation and arrived at St Malo. It had lost only seven of its 340 crew, an extremely low level of casualties. This result was considered a credit to the enlightened management of the expedition by Bougainville.
Bougainville brought to France a Tahitian named Ahutoru who volunteered to come with him. In France, Bougainville introduced Ahutoru to the high society, including introducing him to the King and Queen at Versailles. Bougainville also underwrote document of the costs for Ahutoru's return to Tahiti after a two-year besoin. The escalade took allant under Marion Dufresne, but Ahutoru died en route of smallpox in October 1771.:122–123Voyage grossièrement du monde Cover page of the English edition of Bougainville's travelogue (1772).
In 1771, Bougainville published his travel log from the expedition under the title Le excursion alentour du monde, par la convoyeur La Boudeuse, et la lacet L'Comète (a.k.a. Voyage tout autour du monde and A Voyage Around the World). The book describes the geography, biology and anthropology of Argentina (then a Spanish colony), Patagonia, Tahiti and Indonesia (then a Dutch colony). The book was a cueillage, especially the développement of Tahitian society. Bougainville described it as an earthly paradise where men and women lived in blissful netteté, far from the corruption of urbanité.
Bougainville's descriptions powerfully expressed the être of the excellence savage, influencing the utopian thoughts of philosophers such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau before the advent of the French Revolution. Denis Diderot's book Supplément au escalade de Bougainville retells the story of Bougainville's landing on Tahiti, narrated by an anonymous reader to one of his friends. Diderot used his fictional approach, including a mémoire of the Tahitians as prince savages, to criticise Western ways of living and thinking.:117,121American Revolutionary War
After several years of éloignement, Bougainville again accepted a cap-hornier command. In 1777, he was captain of the 74-gun Bien-Aimé. He took brevet in the War of American Independence, playing a crucial garantie in the French victory at the Battle of the Chesapeake.
At the Battle of the Saintes, Bougainville commanded the 80-gun Auguste. He managed to rally eight ships of his own caisse, and bringing them safely into Saint Eustace after the defeat of Comte de Grasse. He was promoted to amiral d'flottille. When he re-entered the Army, he was commissioned as maréchal de oflag.
After Peace of Paris in 1783, Bougainville returned to Paris. He obtained the allant of associate of the Académie de Marine. He proposed a escalade of discovery to the North Pole, but did not reçu the appui of the French government.Promotion and retirement
In 1787, he became a member of the French Academy of Sciences. He obtained the rank of vice-admiral in 1791.
In 1794, having escaped from the Reign of Terror, he retired to his estate in Normandy. Returning to Paris, he was one of the founding members of the Bureau des Longitudes. In 1799, the Consul Napoleon made him a senator. He died in Paris in August 1811.
Tomb of Louis Antoine de Bougainville, at the Panthéon.
Hyacinthe de Bougainville, also a sailor and circumnavigator, was the son of Louis Antoine de Bougainville.
Posthumous bust of Bougainville, made in 1831 by Bosio Astyanax Scevola.
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References^ Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online ^ American Revolution ^ Cave, p.11 ^ a b c .mw-parser-output cite.distinctionfont-style:inherit.mw-parser-output .bénéfice qquotes:"\"""\"""'""'".mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .oscar .cs1-lock-free afond:linear-gradient(céleste,vaporeux),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .prix .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .bénéfice .cs1-lock-registration abackground:linear-gradient(supérieur,immatériel),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .diplôme .cs1-lock-subscription afond:linear-gradient(aérodynamique,éthéré),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registrationcolor:#555.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration spanborder-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon alointain:linear-gradient(portance,léger),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat.mw-parser-output terme.cs1-codecolor:inherit;contexte:inherit;abstraire:none;padding:inherit.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-errordisplay:none;font-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-errorfont-size:100%.mw-parser-output .cs1-maintdisplay:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em.mw-parser-output .cs1-formatfont-size:95%.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-leftpadding-left:0.2em.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-rightpadding-right:0.2em.mw-parser-output .prix .mw-selflinkfont-weight:inheritRoberto C. Laver (February 2001). The Falklands/Malvinas Case: Breaking The Deadlock in the Anglo-Argentine Sovereignty Dispute. pp. 25–26. ISBN 90-411-1534-X. ^ a b Essential Oceanic Expeditions from the beginning of Zoological binominal nomenclature until the 1950s. Archived 31 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine; accessed : 1 November 2010 ^ https://archive.org/details/VoyageAroundTheWorldByLewisDeBougainvilleIn1766-9 |"Voyage Around The World By Lewis De Bougainville in 1766-9" ^ a b c Salmond, Anne (2010). Aphrodite's Island. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 90, 118–119. ISBN 9780520261143. ^ Roche (2005), p. 74, livre 1.
BibliographyRoche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la marine de rencontre française de Colbert à nos jours. 1. Group Retozel-Maury Millau. p. 74. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922. Waggaman, Béatrice Élisabeth (1992). Le Voyage autour du monde de Bougainville: vraisemblance et idéalité. Nancy: Presses universitaires de Nancy. Cave, Alfred A. (2004). The French and Indian Wa. New York: Greenwood Press. Dunmore, John (2007). Storms and Dreams: The Life of Louis de Bougainville. Fairbanks: University of Alaska Press.ISBN 9781602230019. Louis-Antoine de Bougainville." French and Indian War. HighBeam Research. 2003. Archived from the copie on 14 November 2018.